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  • How Long Does It Take For Pepper Spray To Wear Off?

    Oleoresin Capiscum (OC), more commonly called Pepper Spray, is derived from the fruit of the hot pepper plant. The oil is extracted and mixed with a solvent and bottled into an aerosol can.  While there are various strengths of pepper spray, they will all cause the same effects, in a very short amount of time.

    OC works by inflaming the mucus membranes of the eyes, throat, nose and lungs, as well as causing a burning sensation on the skin. Your eyes will immediately swell, water and close. Your throat will constrict and burn. Your will get a runny nose and as your lungs constrict, there will be difficulty breathing.

    The time it takes for these conditions to wear off will vary, depending on the strength of the pepper spray, and how much spray was ingested, but you can figure the effects will last from 20 to 90 minutes.

    The temporary blindness will last from 15 to 30 minutes. It will help to continually rinse your eyes with a water eye wash. Your skin will feel a burning sensation for approximately 45 minutes to an hour. A cool water wrap will help to diffuse the hot burning feel. The coughing and trouble breathing will last from 5 to 15 minutes, depending on the strength of the OC and the amount of the spray that was breathed in.

    Pepper Spray is made from oils, so it can not be wiped off, and in fact, you may actually spread the oil further into the skin, by trying to wash it off. The best treatment is time. Encourage blinking of the eyes, to create more tears, which will aid in washing out the hot spray. Do not rub your eyes! It will only make them burn longer and spread the oil to the skin.

    Do not rub your skin! It will only spread the oils and prolong the burning sensation, plus spread to other parts of the body. Try to avoid touching the skin at all.

    Try to breath normally. Your first reaction to a dose of hot pepper spray, is to panic, when the choking feeling becomes over whelming. Try to remain calm. Coughing is natural, as the body tries to rid itself of the offensive material, but try to breath steady and wait for the effects to pass.

    Now you can see why pepper spray is so effective, as a non-lethal alternative to an attacker. It will give you plenty of time to escape the situation and seek help. Pepper spray will also work the same, against vicious animals as well. The best area to target is the face, but any spray in the general vicinity will be effective, as it can still be ingested in the air and will cause a burning sensation on any skin area it reaches.

    Pepper spray comes in a variety of sizes and strengths. I would suggest using the Wildfire brand, which has been rated by Fox labs as the hottest pepper spray on the market. Wildfire has 18% hot pepper and contains 3 Million Scoville Heat Units. It is made from a finer grain, so it is effective faster than other brands.

  • Heat Stroke vs Heat Exhaustion

    Well after spending the last week outside all day at motorcycle rallies, and now back home, I can say I am pooped from all the heat. The temperatures ran up into the 90s all week, with very high humidity.

    I set up my canopy in a fairly shaded area, but with that kind of heat, there really is no cover that is sufficient. My biggest challenge was drinking enough water and keeping it cold enough in my cooler. The ice was melted before I had a chance to close the lid! Haha, not really, but you can certainly imagine it!

    So, I decided we all needed a reminder of the difference between Heat Stroke and Heat Exhaustion.  With heat stroke, you can feel faint, have excessive sweat, cool pale and clammy skin, you may feel nauseous, have rapid or week pulse, and muscle cramps may occur, in extreme instances.

    At this point, grab a cold bottle of water and get into a cooler shady area. You can also take a cool shower, or use cold compresses. Rest and wait for the symptoms to pass. Take your work slower and keep plenty of fluids handy.

    Heat Exhaustion on the other hand is a more serious condition, which can certainly cause death. You may feel a throbbing head ache, there will be no sweat, your body temperature will rise above 103 degrees and you will notice red, hot skin. You will again feel nauseous, have a rapid, strong pulse, and could lose consciousness. At this point you will need to contact your local emergency personnel.

    The heat here in the south can be especially troubling, so take care of your health. Watch for  the warning signs. You certainly do not want your ill health to turn in to a self defense situation. It is sad, but people like to prey on those that appear weak.

    Don't forget to carry a small key chain size pepper spray at all times!

  • What Do You Need To Start A Campfire?

    When you go camping or hiking, you should always have some sort of fire starting materials with you, even if you only plan on going out for a few hours. Who knows what accidents or emergencies may arise, that you may need to spend a night or two. You will need a fire for warmth, it will keep wild animals and bugs away from your site, dry your clothes, and it will provide a nice hot area to cook on.

    You can carry around some wood matches in a baggie and a handful of newspaper, but that certainly can become quite cumbersome. You are limited on space and weight while your are traveling, so why not carry something smaller and compact to get your fire going? Why worry about your matches and papers getting wet and becoming useless to you?

    We carry a Campfire Starter Kit to make your outdoor life easier. You will have a dry sealed case with pretreated tinder, which can be easily ignited with your wood handled flint striker. It is designed to light in any weather conditions, so there is no more worrying about wet matches or damp papers.

    The next handy item in your campfire starter kit is a packet of dry kindling. You need small shards of very dry wood or papers to get that hot fire going. Scour the area for other dry twigs and grasses to further grow your fire, adding larger and larger pieces, until you have a good roaring fire,

    In the kit, you will find instructions on fire starting techniques, for those of us, who may have grown up in the city and have never had to start a fire from scratch. All of these items come in a nice handy burlap bag, that can be stashed in a camper drawer, or hung from a backpack.

    Why not make your outdoor adventure easier? Check them out here today, as well as all the other camping and survival gear we have.

    Have a safe and fun camping and hiking season

  • Motorcycle Rally

    Well, I just attended my first ever motorcycle rally, only as a vendor though, in Newberry SC. I can say it was a wonderful experience and I certainly learned a lot from this event.

    Usually when people hear bike rally they picture loud tattoed, beer swigging and lots of loud bikers. Quite the opposite here. These were just a bunch of older, nice folk, who brought out their bikes for riding contests, light contests, games and some good eats.

    It was certainly a great boon for this small community. Most of the participants and the vendors were dining in the local restaurants, and shopping in the small down town businesses. The only hotel located in the town was booked. I hope we all left with as good an impression with this quaint little town, as we were happy to visit.

    I brought all my self defense and survival gear to sell. Most of the bikers seemed to agree that the most popular item was my pepper spray, stun guns and expandable steel batons, to fend off loose dogs. Bikers are more vulnerable to dog attacks than other drivers, due to the open nature of the vehicle they are driving. A person in a car stopped at a stop sign is completely contained in the vehicle and will not draw unwanted attention from a vicious dog, but a biker is much like a walker or runner to a dog.

    All in all, it was a wonderful event and I will certainly attend more bike rallies over the rest of this summer. You should check one out and meet some great down to earth people.

  • Self Protection For The Elderly

    I don't know about you, but I am sick and tired of reading news articles of sick people attacking old people.

    The elderly are easy prey, because they walk slower, are disabled, and usually can't run very fast. You can level the odds a bit by carrying a simple personal key chain alarm, pepper spray, or a stun gun. There is even a stun gun cane, which will really surprise an attacker! 

    Many old people can benefit from carrying just the key chain alarm alone. Criminals do not like noise, or to have any unwanted attention directed at them. They like the quick strike and run. If you have a personal alarm hanging from your purse, or belt loop, it can be activated quickly and alert others to your dilemma.

    They can be a life saver, or thwart them from their efforts to steal from you, since the loud 130db sound will not only startle them, but when people in the area hear the noise, they will look and come to your aid.

    The one great feature of these self defense tools, is that they can be taken on airplanes and to any country. People use them while traveling all the time. Most other self protection devices must be stored in your checked in baggage. What good does that do you, if you are attacked in the lobby of an airport?!

    You can get them in a fun mouse shaped flashlight/alarm combo, or my newest favorite one, the Fuzzy Ball Alarm. It looks like an ordinary furry ball hanging on a key chain, but contains a loud alarm, which is activated by a simple pull of a disable pin.

    Just as criminals are getting more and more creative and sneakier in their antics, we too must become a bit more savvy and look for easier and better ways to defend ourselves.

    Keep an eye out for our elderly and keep them safe.

  • What Do You Need In A Bug Out Bag? Part 2

    What would you do if disaster struck your home? Think of what would happen if you were alerted that you had to leave quickly, because of a raging forest fire headed your way. Or perhaps a a flood ravages your neighborhood.

    These are catastrophes that occur on a regular basis all over our fair land. Then there's the extreme survivalists that prepare for an apocalypse , dooms day, or even a government take over.

    Wouldn't it be easier to get out of danger quickly, if you could just grab an already prepared bag of emergency supplies and food, and run? You will need enough supplies to last at least 72 hours, as that is how long it could take for emergency and disaster relief workers to reach you, due to the obstacles that may hinder their path.

    Let's get started on some essential items you may want to include in your emergency bug out bag.

    1. First and foremost is food and water. Keep several full water jugs handy in your home and car. Don't forget you will need water for your pets also. For extra water protection, carry a simple water purification system, so you always have fresh drinkable water. Throw some granola protein bars and nuts in your bag, for quick nourishment.

    2. Of course, a First aid kit will be necessary. I can't imagine any household or vehicle without at least a simple first aid kit, including band aids, gauze, antibiotic ointments and wet wipes.

    3. Bring along an extra pair of warm clothes for every member of your family. Dry socks and shoes are essential, as well as a poncho to keep warm and dry.

    4. Creating heat and a cook source is also important. A Fire Starting Tool is better than matches, which can get wet and become useless. You will also need dry tinder, You can purchase a Campfire KIt, which includes dry tinder and a small flint fire starter. This tinder will always light, even when it is wet.

    5. Always include a good flashlight and spare batteries. You can purchase a good rechargeable flashlight, and use a Solar Panel Recharge Pack to keep your phone and flashlight readily charged and available for use at all times.

    6. Paracord makes for the best rope you can find. Paracord is one of the most versatile survival tools around. A good 550 cord will hold 550 pounds of weight, plus there are 3 fine threads woven into the middle of the rope, which can be extracted and used for fishing, sewing, or tooth floss.

    7. Bring a good sharp knife, which not only can be used to cut your rope, but will be essential to cut your food, food pouches, or used as a hunting device, in extreme emergency situations. a good swiss army type knife is small and compact, plus will include other helpful tools, like tweezers and a screw driver.

    8. Duct tape never hurts to keep on hand. Who doesn't use duct tape to fix stuff?!

    9. A good tarp for cover and to keep warm and dry, would certainly help in most disaster and evacuation circumstances

    10. Lastly, I would suggest a whistle, to indicate your location, in case you cannot move, or are lost. A mirror for signalling, plus tin foil and baggies to aid in food cooking and storage.

    I hope these tips and ideas have given you some insight into what you may need to survive a disaster, should one arise in your area. Does this seem extreme? Well, maybe. But isn't this the same as the self defense items you keep on hand. It is better to have it and not need it, than need it, and not have it!

    Start assembling your survival bug out bag today. You will be glad you did.

  • What Do You Need In A Bug Out Bag? Part 1

    Every one should have at least some sort of bug out bag handy, in case of an emergency. You could keep a simple shoe box full of survival essentials in your car, boat, or RV, or pack a full survival kit to keep on hand, in your home.

    Think ahead. Think of the disasters that have occurred across our country, just this last year alone. Would you have been ready to evacuate quickly, had the terrible fires in California, North Carolina and Tennessee invaded your neighborhood? Would you been prepared, if you found yourself stranded on the interstate for hours, perhaps even overnight, during one of those snow storms that swept across most of the north and east, this year?

    Let's stick with a simple auto, boat or RV emergency kit for now. You don't need to purchase a fancy kit from the store. You can create your own, plus use the extra band aids and supplies to build safety kits for every member of your family.

    Grab a shoe box, with lid, and start packing........

    • First thing first - band aids, anti bacterial wipes, neosporin, gauze, etc. All your typical first aid kit supplies, should be included.
    • Second - Tools. Keep a hammer, pliers, wire saw, knife, screw driver, scissors, or just use a multi purpose tool (which includes bottle and can opener, saw, magnifying glass, etc).
    • Third - Light and Heat. ALWAYS carry a nice bright LED flashlight in your vehicle bug bag, with a few extra batteries. You could also try a rechargeable flashlight, and include a solar panel charging pad. A small fire starter and tinder just might save your life, so throw them in also. And don't forget a Whistle to alert rescuers of your location.
    • Fourth - Food. If you add a bit of paracord, you  will not only have a good strong rope to use, but the inside threads can be used as a fishing line. Hey, you can never be too prepared! Keep a zip locked baggy of granola bars, nuts and raisins. You can also find ready-to-eat, prepackaged meals, which can be opened and consumed on the go.
    • Lastly - Cover. Bring along a poncho, blanket, solar wrap and a tarp to create a wind barrier, or cover, to provide shelter from the wet and cold.

    An extra pair of dry, warm clothes and sneakers, might also be a few other things to keep in your car. You can never be too prepared for lifes emergencies or situations.



  • What Is More Important In A Stun Gun, Amps Or Volts?

    When I am at a gun show, I am asked this question all the time. People see all these stun guns for sale at the show, and they become impressed and infatuated with the voltage of a stun gun.

    Let's clarify the issue here. Many of the stun gun vendors you encounter in gun shows, the flea market, or even online sales, like Amazon or Ebay, are only in this to make a sale and earn a profit. They are not very well educated on what really makes a stun gun effective. Marketing strategies are to advertise stun guns, with ever increasing and ridiculously high amounts of voltage. Amperage is never mentioned, unless you are educated and ask about it.

    The next time you go to a gun show, or see a guy selling them at the flea market, ask relevant questions, and see what kind of pitch they give you. Ask yourself this. If you see they have a table full of bamboo sheets and hats, with one little supply of stun guns, are they really all that knowledgeable, or just trying to make a buck?

    This is all I do, is non-lethal self defense, survival and home security products. I am continually doing research on my products, how they work, and the most effective way to use them. The guy selling bamboo sheets is doing just that.......selling. I like to educate and train.

    So, in answer to the question, what is more important, amperage or voltage in a stun gun? Use the plumbers Water In The Pipe analogy. The amperage is the amount of water in the pipe. It is defined as the measure of the amount of electricity that flows through a circuit. The voltage is the amount of pressure that pushes the water down the pipe. Voltage is defined as the measure of how hard the electricity is pushing.

    The volts deliver the amps to the intended muscle group targeted. Higher voltage, will deliver the amps quicker, but you need the amps there, in the first place. Most people are impressed by higher voltage amounts listed on a stun gun box, but the voltage really does nothing to the body. Voltage only carries amperage to the muscle group, depleting the muscle of energy and rendering them useless, causing your attacker to wither in pain and fall to the ground.

    The most effective amperage in a stun gun is from 3 to 4.9 milliamps. If they have anything less than 3 milliamps, you will have to hold the device on your assailant for twice as long, in order for it to disable their muscle group, no matter how high the voltage is.

    Anything over 4.9 milliamps will burn out the stun gun capacitor, so you will not find any stun gun that has higher amperage. Higher voltage stun guns may deliver the amperage quicker, but remember, more importantly, is that you do need the higher amperage included in the stun gun first.

    All in all, amperage is more important than voltage, when considering your next purchase of a non-lethal, stun gun, self defense tool.

    If your looking for a high voltage, with the highest amperage stun gun flashlight, consider the Multiguard Stun Gun. It features 20 million volts, with 4.9 milliamps of shocking power. Check it out here at www.sandssafetystore.com.

  • 15 Ways To Avoid A Coyote Attack

    It seems there are more and more reports of coyote sightings and attacks in the news lately. Like bears, and deer, coyotes are being pushed out of their natural environment, due to urban sprawl, and seek the easy food that we humans unwittingly provide them.

    Coyotes have easily adapted to the urban and populated environment, even though their natural habitat is generally in wooded or rural areas. Humans mistakenly can lure coyotes and bears, for that matter, close to their homes, by providing a food source and a living environment for them.

    Let's explore what we can do to help prevent coyotes from invading your living space.

    1, First and foremost is the obvious way to avoid a coyote encounter. Do Not feed or leave food out for coyotes. They are dangerous to not only you, but your neighbors and pets. If you feed your pet outdoors, bring the food bowl back inside after feeding. Never leave it outside, as  the odor alone can attract a coyote or bear to your yard.

    2. Secure your garbage in cans, with a tight lid. Keep them in your garage until trash day. Do not leave your trash out by the curb, the night before trash pick up day. This only gives coyotes curb side delivery!

    3. Pick up any spilled bird seed around your feeders, and any fallen fruit from around your fruit trees. Keep the feeders high off the ground, so coyotes cannot reach them.

    4. Keep trees and shrubs around your house to a minimum. Keep them trimmed, so coyotes do not decide to build a den in them.

    5. Install motion sensor lights, or motion sprinklers to scare off any coyotes that may enter your yard.

    6. Prepare for an encounter, by carrying a large stick, a whistle, or even a can of pepper spray. Pepper spray is your best bet, since you can stop an animal from 15 to 20 feet. One quick burst at the animals face, and they will retreat.

    7. Most coyotes will just observe you and stay their distance. You should do the same, unless the animal approaches you. Then, and only then should you defend yourself and try to scare off the coyote.

    8. Making your self look bigger and meaner than you really are, is called Hazing. Grab a stick, wave your hands in the air, and stare down the coyote. Do not act afraid, but bold and stronger than the animal. Throw a rock, or stick at him to scare him off.

    9. Spray a water hose at the animal, bang pots and pans, blow a whistle. Do whatever it takes to scare off the animal. They do not want to be around a crazy human, just as you do not want to be around them

    10. Never turn your back on a coyote. That will only show submission and they may take that as a sign to attack.

    11. As you would encounter a vicious dog, back away slowly, while maintaining your strong stance. Do not run.

    12. If a coyote does happen to attack, cover your throat and face. That is the main area that a coyote will try to bite first.

    13. Seek medical attention immediately, if you become scratched or bitten by a wild animal. Most likely they will have rabies, since most coyotes will shy away from people, especially during the daylight hours.

    14. Be sure to call your local animal control officers in your area. They will help to track down the animal, trap it and relocate it to a safer area. It is also legal to shoot a wild coyote that has entered your personal property.

    15. Keep your pets close to your home, in a secured area, enclosed with at least a 6 foot fence.

    I hope these tips help keep you and your loved ones safe, as well as your precious pets. Be vigilant and report any wild animal sightings in your neighborhood, to the proper animal control agencies.

  • How Many Security Cameras Do I/You Need?

    This is a very good question, that many of us are left thinking of, when deciding in installing a security system around their home or business. I have a fairly simple ranch style home, but I have many out extensions, peaks and trees to contend with. Add my circular driveway, and I found I needed more coverage than I thought.

    I also have a garage which is approximately 200 feet from the house, which I wanted to monitor too.

    I decided to go cheap, and installed a high definition, 4 channel camera system. It can be done, but I still have a few areas of the lawn that cannot be viewed, with this limited system. I made the most of what I had though, and covered all the pertinent areas, aiming the cameras at the obvious entry and exit points.

    I can see the garage and one side of my circular driveway, from a camera installed on one of the outcroppings on the front of my home, which also views the windows to the back bedrooms. I couldn't place the camera on the farthest corner of my home, facing the garage, because of the trees and branches, that would impede the view, especially in the summer, when all the trees are in bloom.

    I placed my second camera along the back side eave, watching my back yard and catching my back door. A burglar will almost certainly try to enter through your front door, but if he can not gain easy access, he will head for the back door next. No one wants to be seen trying to break in to a home, so the back door is usually a better place, to sneak in with less detection.

    My third camera is positioned on the front corner of my home, again, on another out cropping, which I can see my air conditioning/heat unit, plus the whole side yard and remaining portion of the other side of my circular driveway.

    This now gives me a clear view of any vehicle or person that may enter my property from my driveway, in any direction. Plus, I have a good view of any intruders from the rear of my home.

    That leaves my fourth camera, which I opted to install as a good dome camera, on my porch, aimed at the front door. This one, I will admit, I was a bit disappointed with, not because it didn't provide a good view of the entryway, but because of the layout of the porch itself.

    I have a 1 foot overhang, that the support poles are attached to, which block the camera from seeing out to the front driveway area. I had to make a choice. See the front door and get a good view of an intruder, or get a good image of the front driveway, where anyone would potentially park and enter the porch area.

    I decided it was more important to grab the "money shot" and film the intruder, as he enters the front door area, since most burglars will knock on the door first, to see if any one is home, before attempting to enter a home illegally.

    So strategically, I have covered the most pertinent areas to be monitored. Could I use more? Yes, most certainly, but I did cover my home on a budget. Any coverage is better than no coverage.  Now, on the backside of my garage, I am going to install a few dummy cameras, to make it appear that I have more protection, than I really do.

    I now feel more confident when I leave my home for extended periods, plus now, when I hear a noise, or the dogs are barking, I can simply turn my TV to my camera system view and see if anything is out there, instead of going outside and putting myself in a potentially harmful position.

    So, the long and short of it is, if you can afford a larger system, go for it! With more cameras, you will be able to monitor, not only your outside area, but you will have plenty of extra cameras to monitor hallways, your crawl space, attic and main entryways inside your home, as well.

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